How to handle hypothermia

How to handle hypothermia - Hypothermia is a condition where the whole body turns cold, as a result of its inability to cope with normal temperature changes to cooler temperatures. As it is known that the normal temperature of man 36 degrees – 37 degrees Celsius. When cold temperature strikes, the body will automatically produce heat to be self-adjusted. If it fails then hypothermia will attack.

How to handle hypothermia

This disease can affect anyone, without knowing the age. It usually happens to mountaineers after reaching a certain height, drowning in water for a long time, in snowy weather, and when exposed to heavy rains. Beware if you encounter such a situation. The emergence of hypothermia will be characterized by certain symptoms.

How to handle hypothermia

Know the signs, so that later if you see someone exposed to this disease can immediately give appropriate relief. Usually begins with unusual gigilan, the skin becomes more pale, and the lips dry until broken – rupture/peeling. Sometimes sufferers also suffer from impaired consciousness, delirious, until lost consciousness. If allowed to be potentially death.

First aid for hypothermia sufferers

After understanding the causes and symptoms, the most important thing that you should know is the first aid to overcome hypothermia. Here are the things that can be done on the scene when finding someone infected with the disease:

1. Keep from the source

Quickly find out what the cause of a person is affected. If it is exposed to heavy rain, immediately pour it in the shade. If it is between the snow, take it immediately into the heated room. If the clothes are wet, replace them with new clothes. Give a thick cloth, towel, or blanket so that hypothermia is not worse.

In the effort to stay out of the source remain careful. Identify whether hypothermia is attacking him already in severe levels. Patients with acute hypothermia are very sensitive to shocks. When you admire it, it can make people with heart failure. Do not also menggosok-gosok the hands and feet of sufferers because it causes frozen blood to be streamed to the brain and heart.

2. Heat sharing

Human body temperature is hot and can serve as conductor. Divide your body heat by pressing it tightly. Hot sharing through objects is also recommended. Place warm objects on the neck, chest, forehead, or stomach sufferers such as warm water that has been inserted into the bottle. If you are in a forest, immediately create a campfire and put the sufferer in a sleeping bag.

3. Respiratory monitoring

Hypothermia is potentially stopping the breath of the sufferer. Pay attention and monitor at least two to five minutes. If the breath is not smooth, immediately give artificial breath gently. Remember, rough and shocking movements can attack the heart of the sufferer. Not make it cured, but instead it will worsened the situation. Afterwards you can connect with the octane.

4. Give food intake/drink warm

If hypothermia is still mild and the sufferer is still possible to swallow a warm drink. Sweet drinks such as warm sweet tea, hot chocolate, ginger, or milk are better because they contain calories. Do not give a drink containing theobromine or alcohol because it can be harmful. After a little subside give the soup a warm cream, warm oat, or porridge.

5. The Movement

If the sufferer has improved and allowed it to do a lot of movement, invite it to move. The movement of the body will trigger energy burning. Invite continuous speech. Do a small workout, not a movement that can trigger sweat. This is due to the potential sweat to make sufferers become shivering back.

6. Contact your doctor

To ensure that the sufferer is okay, even though the condition is better to bring to the doctor or hospital. The doctor will then conduct a thorough check. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe medication or vitamins to make the body fit again. Contacting the Doctor also applies when first aid is unable to reduce the symptoms of hypothermia.

Hypothermia can be prevented, even though you are in extreme cold temperatures though. It's easy to wear clothes according to the weather (use a thick jacket and coat in winter), cover the upper part of your body with a scarf, hoody, or hat. If you need to wear handshirts and socks. Keep the body warm. Drinking hot drinks will also help you.

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